Tile Flooring 101
Tile flooring in Westchester is an extremely popular method of floor covering. It's durable, has a natural, handcrafted look, is easy to maintain, and has limitless design possibilities.
In fact, the variety of tile available can be quite overwhelming. It's important that you choose the correct type of floor for your planned use. A general rule of thumb is:
- Entryways & Kitchens: Use a hard, abrasion-resistant, moisture-proof tile.
- Baths: Tile should be moisture-proof and non-slip. The slip-resistant tile is treated to roughen the surface to prevent slipping.
Brick: This is a rustic style of tile, perfect for outdoor settings such as a patio. It should be treated with a stain resistant sealer.
Cement: Cement tiles are created from a mold, then fired or dried naturally. A cement stain can be added for color and sealing is required.
Ceramic: Made from clay and then kiln dried, ceramic tiles come with two finishes:
- Glazed - The color is added to these tiles after firing and the glazing acts as a sealer. Glazed tiles are used mostly on walls or countertops and offer a wider range of color choices than unglazed tiles.
- Unglazed or Quarry Tiles - These are colored with the natural pigment already in the clay and fired in a kiln. Unglazed tiles require sealing for moisture protection.
Pavers: Pavers are like a thin brick tile and generally used for patios or interior floors in a sunroom. They require sealing for moisture and stain proofing.
Quarry: This is a clay-based, unglazed tile. It is commonly used in commercially due to its durability and economical pricing. It requires sealing and comes in a variety of earth shades.
Saltillo: Also called Mexican tile, Saltillo is air dried rather than kiln dried. This type of drying creates a softer and less durable surface. It requires sealer for moisture protection.
Terra cotta: This is the same material that is found in clay garden pots. It has an attractive earthy look that requires sealing for indoor use.
Terrazzo: Commonly found used Italy and warmer Mediterranean climates, these tiles are made from stone or marble chips embedded in cement. The polished surface makes for a durable floor material.